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New Jersey Workers’ Compensation: Toxic Exposure

Toxic Exposure in New JerseyMore than one-fifth of U.S. workers are exposed to hazardous chemicals in the workplace, according to the Occupational Health & Safety Administration (OSHA). In fact, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics has identified exposure to dangerous substances or environments as one of the top five causes of workplace deaths. In 2015, 424 workers succumbed to these exposures.

Injuries caused by workplace exposure to toxic substances are often covered under workers’ compensation insurance. However, some situations may also qualify for a third-party personal injury claim.

Chemical Exposure

Chemical exposure accounts for approximately 10 percent of workplace fatalities. Workers are typically exposed to toxic and dangerous substances either by skin contact and/or inhalation. Somewhat less common is exposure by ingestion. Some toxic exposure injuries are immediate and obvious, while others may be caused by long-term exposure to hazardous substances over long periods of time.

The following chemicals are just some of the dangerous substances that workers may encounter on the job:

  • Aluminum
  • Zinc
  • Ammonia
  • Benzene
  • Arsenic
  • Chloroform
  • Lead
  • Iodine
  • Uranium
  • Mercury
  • Formaldehyde
  • Hydrogen Peroxide
  • Pesticides
  • Asbestos
  • Petroleum
  • Silica

Common Toxic Exposure Injuries

Toxic exposure can cause significant injury and even death. Chemicals, solvents, and other toxic substances can cause a variety of damages, depending upon the type of substance, the type of exposure and the duration of the exposure.

Skin disease from toxic exposure is a dangerous and prevalent problem, affecting 28,300 workers in 2015. Respiratory illnesses impacted more than 17,000 workers that same year. Neurological issues can occur after a single event, and may result in brain injury and central nervous system damage.

The following are just some of the conditions that can be caused by exposure to harmful substances:

  • Mesothelioma
  • Skin disease
  • Gastrointestinal illnesses
  • Respiratory illnesses
  • Neurological injuries
  • Central nervous system damage
  • Organ damage
  • Chemical Burns
  • Reproductive problems


Workers in all types of industries can be affected by exposure to toxic substances, though some occupations carry more risk than others. Some occupations with a risk of exposure include the following:

Manufacturing / Industrial Work

Work in factories, mills, and plants fabricating products can expose workers to numerous chemicals and hazardous substances.


Ship maintenance and shipyard work activities may involve the handling of solvents, heavy metals, and asbestos. Workers can be exposed to chemical water pollutants as well, such as copper, chromium, nickel and lead.

Dental Offices

Dental office staff may be exposed to beryllium, heavy metals, anesthetic gases, latex dust, and other toxins known to exist in this work environment.


This wide-ranging industry can put workers in contact with toxic substances on a regular basis, from solvents and lead coatings to insulation materials and diesel fuel.

Healthcare Facilities

Hospitals and other healthcare facilities use numerous chemicals and potentially harmful products for everything from cleaning and sanitation to patient care.

Automobile Repair Shops

Mechanics, auto body workers, painters and other auto shop staff may encounter chemicals, such as paint, gasoline, fuel, antifreeze, asbestos and more during their work.

Pest Control

Exposure to pesticides and herbicides is a typical hazard for fumigators and pest control technicians.


Smoke inhalation, carbon monoxide, nitrogen dioxide, and hydrogen cyanide are potential hazards for these workers.

Housekeepers / Laundry / Cleaning Staff

These workers can be exposed to hazardous chemicals in solvents and cleaning supplies.

If you experience a workplace toxic exposure injury or become sick after long term exposure to a harmful substance, report the situation to a supervisor immediately. Detail the exposure and seek medical attention as soon as possible. Injuries caused by toxic exposure in the workplace may be compensable under New Jersey workers’ compensation law. An experienced workers’ compensation lawyer can help you determine whether you have a viable claim.

Frequently Asked Questions About Toxic Exposure

A: Most people are exposed to potentially harmful chemicals throughout their lives but very few get sick as a result. Typically illness occurs through consistent exposure to those chemicals or when exposed to large quantities of highly caustic chemicals. Workers who regularly deal with exposure to toxic substances are often the most likely to contract an illness.

A: As illnesses can often have multiple causes it can often be difficult to prove liability in toxic exposure cases. If you have concerns your illness is related to exposure, you should contact a personal injury lawyer to discuss your specific scenario.

A: Typically, yes. You would usually want to bring a claim forward as quickly as possible. However, with toxic tort cases, symptoms may not even develop until a significant amount of time has passed. Because of this, the statute of limitations may be different than in other injury cases.

A: Toxic chemicals can wreak havoc on the human body and illnesses can manifest in numerous ways. Individuals can develop cancers, suffer respiratory problems, neurological issues, and may lead to death.

A: As with most personal injury cases plaintiffs can seek compensation for their injures for medical expenses, lost wages and future lost wages, and more. In some scenarios where the defendant acted in a severely negligent manner punitive damages may be sought against the defendant.

A: Likely, yes. Cases that deal with toxic exposure are inherently complex and will be difficult for an individual to take on themselves.

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